Volume 31 (2022)
Volume 30 (2021)
Volume 29 (2020)
Volume 28 (2019)
Volume 27 (2018)
Volume 26 (2017)
Volume 25 (2016)
Volume 24 (2015)
Volume 23 (2014)
Volume 22 (2013)
Volume 21 (2012)
Volume 20 (2011)
Volume 19 (2010)
Volume 18 (2009)
Volume 17 (2008)
Volume 16 (2007)
Volume 15 (2006)
Volume 14 (2005)
Volume 13 (2004)
Volume 12 (2003)
Volume 11 (2002)
Volume 10 (2001)
Volume 9 (2000)
Volume 8 (1999)
Volume 7 (1998)
Volume 6 (1997)
Volume 5 (1996)
Volume 4 (1995)
Volume 3 (1994)
Volume 1 (1990-1992)

Mahdi Modiri

Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 2-4

  Remote sensing is a science that provides valuable information about land objects and phenomena through distant measurement and without physical contact. As mentioned in the last issue, information can be obtained by measuring and recording changes in electromagnetic fields, gravity and sound waves. ...  Read More

Magnetism of Earth and its Changes

Abdalkarim Gharib

Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 5-16

  The magnetic properties of some iron minerals were known since very old times. In Chinese legends, there is reference to a very simple magnetic needle that was used to determine orientations on the earth four thousand years ago. In Europe, the properties of magnetic needle were known since the 11th century, ...  Read More

Natural Potential of Water Resources of Baluchistan and the Method of its Exploitation

Esfandiar Bandarian

Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 17-26

  About the situation and extent of Baluchistan and Sistan, the following divisions have been mentioned in different sources. The Baluchistan area is located in southeastern Iran, and its extent has been greater in the past than today. The Great Baluchistan includes the Baluchistan areas of both Iran ...  Read More

Designing Geographic Information System's Section of Contact With User

Alireza Azmudeh Ardalaan

Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 27-27

  The Geographic Information System (GIS) includes a set of spatial and non-spatial data that is presented based on specific analyses. In designing the mutual communication of such systems with the user, it is necessary to observe various principles in the use of maps, tables and verbal logs. Due to the ...  Read More

Topographic Maps

Fereydun Khajenoori

Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 28-30

  Relief maps are three-dimensional topographic representation of the earth on which the elevations are measured relative to a flat surface. Therefore, they will be different from a fully similar image of the earth, because except in special cases, the curvature of the base surface or the spherical shape ...  Read More

Geography and its Applications - Part VII
Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 31-39

  In the previous issues, we determined that geography is the observation and explanation of phenomena and natural and cultural differences that occur on the surface of the earth, and this definition requires that we first know the earth's surface and factors that create and change it. Earth's surface ...  Read More

Presentation of Research on Creation of Basic Networks for Study of Crust Changes of Earth Using GPS

Mohammad Ali Rajabi

Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 40-53

  This paper is a review of the analysis of the GPS-based observations conducted to exactly determine the relative coordinates of points of two crust deformation control networks on the western coast of Canada. Following the description of the networks and timing of the observations, the software used ...  Read More

BITNET: An Instrument for Contact Among Geographers

Fatemeh Behforuz

Volume 2, Issue 8 , February 1993, Pages 54-64

   BITNET is an electronic communications network for higher education. The general characteristics of the network, the services, the availability to academic geographers and their utilization of the system have been tested here. Although more than 80 percent of geography professors in the United ...  Read More