عنوان مقاله [English]
Smuggling goods as an unofficial activity has a special place in the quality of life of the country’s border villages which are under stress and suffering from the marginalization of the planning system. Considering the necessity of eliminating goods smuggling for the economic dynamism of the country, it is undoubtedly necessary to reduce and eliminate this unofficial profitable economic activity at once and without any planning to prepare alternatives from border villages which are highly dependent on smuggling goods due to the weakness of economic structures, and brings major changes In the quality of the lives of the border villagers. Therefore, following the significant reduction in smuggling of goods and its elimination, the changes in the life quality of the villagers of Marivan city’s border villages have been studied, in order for the approach of this issue to be a comprehensive understanding of the status quo to provide practical solutions to improve the quality of the lives of the villagers in the area following the elimination of goods smuggling. This is an applied research, and in terms of method is a descriptive-analytical study in which, two library and field methods have been used for collecting information based on the distribution of questionnaires and interviews. The statistical population of this study is households residing in two border villages of Khav and Mirabad, and Zaryvar where 360 households were selected from among 5223 households as sample size using Cochran formula, and the questionnaires were distributedby stratified and then simple random methodamong selected villages and their villagers. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics indices (mean) and inferential statistics tests (paired, Friedman rankings, fit-square, Kruskal-Wallis and binomial tests) have been used. The results show that smuggling of goods has been eliminated as an unacceptable phenomenon, but instead, the quality of the lives of the villagers has decreased in social and economic aspects and we are only witnessing a rise in the quality of the lives of the villagers in the physical aspect. Also, there is a significant relationship between the level of satisfaction of people with their quality of life and distance from the border and occupational dependence on smuggling, and ultimately, the established border markets as the alternative solutions have not been able to raise the life quality of the villagers asmuch as smuggling goods.