عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study is seeking to identify the spatial pattern of habitability of rural settlements in Hirmand’s border regions in order to identify the hazardous areas. The research method in this study is of applied type, and the governing approach to the research is descriptive and analytical. In order to analyze the distribution pattern of the habitable villages at three optimal, moderate and undesirable levels spatially, spatial statistics tests will be used in the GEO DATM and GIS software environment to identify the spatial pattern of the habitability of the villages and ultimately the hazardous and vulnerable zones to be identified. The results of the research show that 16 villages are in the optimal, 16 in the moderate and 12 in the undesirable range. Also, the results of using the Moran Anselin’s Algorithm in the region indicate that 7 cold clusters (low habitability) and 11 hot clusters (high habitability) were identified in the region. The largest hot spot is located in the south of the city and the villages located on this spot are highly habitable and adjacent to each other, and the largest cold spot is located in the south-east and center of the city. The results of the study indicate that the villages near the borderline have a weaker habitability and cold clusters are concentrated in these areas, and the rural regions of the northern part of the city are less habitable due to their dependence on the agricultural economy and the shortages of resources of the Hamoon’s Abūroud in the north of the city. Hazardous spots from the unstable situation of rural settlements perspective can endanger the region from the security aspect, and consequently, habitats with more appropriate habitability located in the vicinity of the spots with low habitability will also be endangered in terms of security and will eventually overwhelm their habitability.