عنوان مقاله [English]
Most people have ambiguous perceptions of geography. Many people think of geography as a science that merely studies mountains, rivers and nature. But since geography was introduced as a science and academic discipline and has played an important role in the advancement and development of places, different views on geography have emerged among people. This scientific discipline has two main dimensions, namely, nature and man. These two dimensions mutually affect each other. In the human dimension, both men and women have important and major roles in affecting and being affected by the nature. Considering this fact, the role of gender in geography is emphasized, which has made one of the branches of geography, geography of gender, to be paid significant attention to by scientific and academic circles.
Therefore, considering the role that human beings play in the development and planning of a geographic location, this role has been viewed as a unilateral and one-dimensional role in most societies, and women have not been as influential as men in gaining important occupations and influencing the planning process for development. Although in some countries they have obtained a significant role thanks to liberal democracy, they are still lagging behind in most societies. The purpose of this research is to investigate the role of gender and its impact on the advancement and development of societies. This paper has been carried out by descriptive-analytical method and the findings of the research are obtained by reviewing library documents. The main question in this article is: Is equality of sexes considered in geographic development of places? And its main hypothesis: equality between the two sexes (men and women) has a diminishing value and credibility in the geography of places.