عنوان مقاله [English]
Tourism is an economic sector sensitive to the weather, and in some cases the dependence on climatological characteristics of the demand for tourism is both the source of its emergence and its limiting factor.
Climate has an impact on the recreation and tourist sector and in some areas represents a natural source based on which the tourism industry is predicted. All climatic elements play a role in the health, comfort and recreation of the people, and in attracting tourists, but the role of some elements including temperature, relative humidity, sunshine and wind are more important, which are consequently considered in this article. The impact of climatic attractions and obstacles on tourism is very important. In this paper, using the method of the Tourism Climate Index (TCI), the comfort and convenience of people in different months of the year has been calculated, using the statistics of the synoptic station of Shiraz in a 54-year statistical period, In such a way that it can determine the effect of comfort in attracting tourism in Shiraz. The TCI, which is the combined effect of climatic parameters, shows that the cool and very cool comfort coefficient is associated in most months of the year with temperatures below 20 ° C, and the months of May and September have excellent degrees of comfort, and through the rest of the months the degree of comfort is good or very good, that is within the acceptable conditions in terms of the tourists comfort. The seasonal distribution of tourist weather indicates that Shiraz has a spring peak of distribution, and it has almost the best distribution of tourist weather throughout the year, except for the cold months of the year. In general, climate has a strong impact on tourism, to a degree that it is shown that in many areas, the tourism industry is prosperous without required natural resources, due to the good weather there, and sometimes it can change the destinations of tourism through the competition among travel agencies .