عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the most important weaponry in developed countries are utilized based on information technology. Since the coming into existence of human beings, gaining information about the enemy's forces have played a very important role in achieving victory in wars. Furthermore, obtaining, interpreting and processing information is of special importance in systematic decision making. At this point in time, production, transformation, transmission and management of information is not only very sensitive and important, but also highly complex and difficult. The Persian Gulf War was in fact a war of the enemies’ technologies against each other. Sometimes there is no need to fight physically, but the fight is practiced by the use of technology, as in some cases the battle ends within a short time due to the availability of information technology. One of the most important tactics of combat is the intelligence (and counter-intelligence) operations of the forces which must be timely, prompt, accurate, interpretable and descriptive, because it plays a vital role in success in a battle. This has been proved in case of the coalition forces in the Iraq War. Modern weapon systems will be able to anticipate the time of attack and provide forces with details of highest accuracy. This results in a victory against the enemy with a lower cost, which indicates the importance of proper and correct spatial information and the extent to which they are used to plan and command combat operations.