عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Coastal regions have been paid significant attention by humans due to their natural conditions for life such as fertile soil caused by alluvial composition, rivers, abundant water, air’s mildness and access to marine resources and commercial paths, and have increased in political, military and economic importance after the Industrial Revolution and the consequent expansion of global commercial activities and development of economic, political and cultural relationships as well as tourism industry. Existence of such favorable conditions has helped the growth of human concentration and increasing establishment of industries, offices and hotels in coastal cities.
The results of some of assumptions show increase in number and severity of meteorological catastrophes and natural disasters such as river and sea flooding on vast scales at highly populated coastal regions ( like Bangladesh, Caribbean coasts, etc.) and intensification of tropical storms and expansion of their areas of influence toward western Europe and higher geographic latitudes. This upward trend has been caused by climate change and has been intensified by population density in large cities, especially coastal areas, such as concentration of hotels in coastal areas vulnerable to the hurricanes like Florida Coasts or establishment of industries at storm-prone Northern Sea. Incidents will be more catastrophic when such establishments and construction of transportation networks in above-mentioned areas are not accompanied by technology.