عنوان مقاله [English]
Geographic information systems have gained increasing importance in environmental planning, examination of environment’s effects and landscape planning. The main reason for this fact is the need for environmental planning in order to perform comparison of different sets of data related to an area with the aim of achieving a description of natural resources and their sensitivity to different effects, because it is possible to use GIS for adapting data produces about an area with its real characteristics. GIS is considered a very efficient tool for these types of planning.
Environmental studies require prediction of the environment’s effects. Consequently, risk analyses should be entered into the GIS technology.
This paper describes some methods of application of geographic information system. Application of GIS in connection with models of attitude are elaborated in this paper through mentioning the following examples:
The EIA Study of traffic increase issues in the Wurm Valley in southern Munich;
The impact of the new Munich II airport on the region, urban development issues and increase of traffic;
The environmental management in border areas of Bohmerwald (Sumava) forests in Muhlvertiel in northern Austria.
The selected examples have been obtained through landscape planning and study of environmental effects using GIS and its modeling potentials. Different topics have been raised and assessed for either project based on GIS system of project’s information.
2- Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Landesent wicklung und Umwelfragen (IItsg). Munchen (1992): Fachubergreifendes Konzedpt fur das Umland des Flughalends Munchen, Munchen 1992. Created by Planning office Knopp, Munich, Dr. Schiller, Kranzbergund Prof. Kirchhoff, University of Technology, Munich. RB-Nr. 14/92/09, ISBN 3-910088-97-X.
3- Deutsches Nationalkomittee MAB Bonn (1994): Development Concept Bavarian Forest/Sumava (Bohemian Forest)/ Muhlviertel, M AB- Mitteilungen Nr.40, ISBN 3-927907-41-3.