عنوان مقاله [English]
Among advanced inventions and techniques, preparation and production of maps has undergone wonderful changes and transformations more than any other field. Computer progress and development of maps has reached a level that currently microcomputer programs have made users able to design and make a variety of maps through interconnections.
Current programs of mapping are in alignment with hardware systems of general cartographic design and drawing; they produce different files of map and move the laser imaging devices to deliver positive and negative lithographic films for making gravure. In this regard, the computer technology has transformed reading and analysis of maps. Electronic display of virtual maps (without any “real” activity) allows users to utilize powerful systems of cartographic display such as electronic atlases for quick exploration and comparison of statistical data or preparation of value maps.