تهیه نقشه های موضوعی با تصاویر ماهواره ای (قسمت اول)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

چکیده

پیشرفت سه دهه گذشته در زمینه­های کارتوگرافی، سنجش از دور و سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی (GIS)، به علت ضرورت ایجاد ارتباط جدید بین مقررات فنی موجود مشخص شده است. تلاش زیادی برای جمع­آوری مطلوب فنی موجود مشخص شده است. تلاش زیادی برای جمع­آوری مطلوب انواع مختلف داده­های کارتوگرافی وبه کارگیری موفقیت­آمیزتر داده­های سنجش از دور بانک­های داده منطقه­ای و جهانی، به عمل آمده است.
اهمیت سنجش از دور به عنوان یک زیر سیستم اطلاعات زیست محیطی به علت افزایش چندین ماهواره، جدید با سنجنده­های الکترونیکی و تصویری که قادر به فراهم نمودن «داده» و تصویر از عناصر فیزیکی و انسانی اتمسفر زمین هستند، بطور چشمگیری افزایش یافته است.
نمایش کارتوگرافیکی تغییرات فضایی و زمانی عناصر کره زمین مهمترین هدف کارتوگرافی موضوعی را نشان می­ دهد. این هدف به طریق زیادی بوسیله برنامه ­ریزی­ های مختلف تهیه نقشه، در سطوح جهانی، منطقه ­ای و محلی تأیید شده است. تهیه نقشه موضوعی توسط انجمن­ های زیادی به عنوان یک فعالیت مهم و حیاتی برای کشف ذخائر زمینی، مدیریت محیط زیست و برنامه­ ریزی به رسمیت شناخته شده است. پیشرفت سریع سیستم ­های ماهواره ­ای موجب افزایش دریافت داده ­های سنجش از دور و کاربرد آن در فعالیت­ های کارتوگرافیک و تکمیل نقشه گردیده است.
ارتباط کارتوگرافی، سنجش از دور و سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی (GIS) ممکن است با شگردهای مختلفی نشان داده شود (Fisher and lindenberg,1989). به نظر می­ رسد مدل فعل و انفعالی سه طرفه نگاره(1-1-) روابط موجود بین سه سیستم را بدون وجود مقررات ویژه حاکمی منعکس می­ سازد.

عنوان مقاله [English]

Preparation of Thematic Maps Using Satellite Images - Part I

نویسنده [English]

  • Hamid Malmirian (Translator)
چکیده [English]

The progress made over the past three decades in cartography, remote sensing and geographic information systems is due to the necessity of establishing new connections among currently specified technical regulations. Great efforts have been made to realize desirable collection of various cartographic data and more successful utilization of remote sensing data of regional and international data banks.
The importance of remote sensing as an environmental information sub-system has significantly increased by launch of a number of new satellites equipped with electronic sensors and images able to present data and pictures from physical and human elements of earth’s atmosphere.
Cartographic display of spatial and temporal changes of the earth’s elements is the most important goal of thematic cartography. This goal has been confirmed by many cases of planning for map preparation on global, regional and local scales. Thematic map production has been recognized by many associations as a vital task in exploration of underground resources and environmental management and planning. The rapid progress of satellite systems has led to expansion of remote sensing and its applications in cartographic and map-completion activities.
The connection between cartography, remote sensing and geographic information systems can be indicated in various ways. It seems that the Fig.1-1 reflects the connection among the three systems without presence of special governing regulations.

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