عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
“Over Determined” models are solved using the LSM method known as the Adjustment problem. One of the most efficient applications of Adjustment in statistical analysis of the problem of positioning is the presentation of coordinates and precision of a point in the form of Interval estimation, Point esti.
Determining the position of moving points is of great importance in many respects, especially strategic, economic, etc. The issue also has a historical background. The problem of determining the position of ships using simple tools such as a solar sextant and solving the Determined model in a mechanical-computational way using a hydrographic protractor and its drawing samples of it. Fixed points are not of special trouble in solving the Adjustment problem, but it is very important for moving points.