عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The increasing population of the world, especially in developing countries on the one hand, and economic poverty and low levels of national income of these countries on the other, have put people of these countries under pressure. In the studies regarding causes of backwardness of these countries and widespread poverty and deprivation across them despite the fact that they enjoy many natural benefits and potential sources of income, the low level of technical knowledge and lack of awareness of how to exploit the country’s existing potentials are amongst the key points. In this regard, even many oil-rich countries, which appear to be among the richest countries in the world, have always faced many problems in the national economy because of their reliance on oil and lack of diversification in their sources of income. The most obvious consequence of these conditions is the vulnerability of this single source of income, and the move towards economic and political crises. One of the main sources of income generation and the elimination of problems related to the limitations on national income sources in the international arena is the "tourism industry", which in the last half century has managed to gain a significant foothold in international relations and has provided many countries with an enormous source of income through creating links between various countries in the world. Moreover, communication between various nations through the channel of "tourism" and their familiarity with each other's cultures, customs and historical and cultural backgrounds has strengthened the social ties among the nations and has contributed to the expansion of international relations. But what about the tourism industry in Iran?