عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Northern Caucasus: A Historical Geographic Survey
Geographically, the Caucasus region consists of two separate Northern and Southern parts, divided by the line formed by the Great Caucasus Mountains. From the northern slopes of the Great Caucasus Mountains stretched in the northwest-southeast direction, to the Manych depression close to the Azov Sea where the surface of the land is gradually flattened, is considered the northern Caucasus, while the Southern Caucasus includes southern domains of the Great Caucasus Mountains, the deep and vast syncline of the Kura-Royoni, the Small Caucasian
Mountains and the Armenian plateau (see Map No. 1).
Here it is worth recalling that the term Transcaucasia, when used by Russian and Western writers, is meant to refer to the Caucasian republics, and when used by geographers in the Middle East, to the Northern Caucasus.