عنوان مقاله [English]
Surveying sciences, mathematics, astronomy and geography have had deep connections with each other from the outset. At any given time, these scientists have been able to play a key role in the increasingly better introducing the picture of the earth, determining the location of the points and introduction of geographical conditions by exploiting the technology and technical possibilities and by combining iron with art. The roots of these sciences go back to very distant past (several centuries BC, simultaneously with the emergence of the thought of creating maps), but the advent of Islam, which brought about dramatic changes in the social dimensions of humanity, contributed greatly to the dissemination of human sciences and knowledge. Islam has begun its first message with Eghra’ (read aloud), in other words, the first chapter of the Holy Qur'an is based on the pursuit of knowledge.