Today, nature reserves are scattered around the world and the process of their establishment has gradually taken place. In most third world countries including Iran, habitat destruction and illegal hunting are among the main problems in the areas under management. Thus, in order to counteract the process of destruction and the expansion of human destructive activities in the protected areas, there is a need for scientific knowledge, expert and capable groups and more research activities in this field, and this need remains in place. National parks, as one of the protected areas, are in fact highly valuable genetic reserves of plant and animal species in each country and in the world, and will be the main backbone for the restoration of nature. To save life on the Planet, resources must be used properly and controlled, and renewable resources must be given the opportunity to form again, so that they can be always used. The Kolahghazi National Park is an example of ecosystems in the Iranian plateau which has a long history of conservation. In this research, the ecosystems, the vegetation cover and wildlife as well biological geography in the park are discussed.