Volume 32 (2023)
Volume 31 (2022)
Volume 30 (2021)
Volume 29 (2020)
Volume 28 (2019)
Volume 27 (2018)
Volume 26 (2017)
Volume 25 (2016)
Volume 24 (2015)
Volume 23 (2014)
Volume 21 (2012)
Volume 20 (2011)
Volume 19 (2010)
Volume 18 (2009)
Volume 17 (2008)
Volume 16 (2007)
Volume 15 (2006)
Volume 14 (2005)
Volume 13 (2004)
Volume 12 (2003)
Volume 11 (2002)
Volume 10 (2001)
Volume 9 (2000)
Volume 8 (1999)
Volume 7 (1998)
Volume 6 (1997)
Volume 5 (1996)
Volume 4 (1995)
Volume 3 (1994)
Volume 2 (1992-1993)
Volume 1 (1990-1992)
Pen, line and effect

Mahdi Modiri

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 2-46

  Explicators believe that noble verses of Surah Al-‘Alaq were among the first verses revealed to the holy prophet of Islam. According to Surah Al-‘Alaq, teaching by pen is considered to be among the God’s attributes (Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous, Verses 3-4). To have a ...  Read More

Pathology of new towns in Iran

Hossein Htaminejad; Zahra Zamani; Sadegh Hajinejad; Mohammad Ghazaie

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 47-57

  In Iran, the policy of building new towns was proposed with the aim of decreasing demographic pressure on large cities during the late 1980s. Construction of new towns started and new urban problems and issues unfolded, after which different criticisms and suggestions for improvement were proposed. In ...  Read More

Identifying the trend of precipitation changes in Kavir-e Miqan basin

Madjid Montazeri

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 58-61

  Miqan wetland is a natural hole formed between Zagros and Central (Markazi) Iran mountain ranges. This wetland is expanded in the center of this basin and in the heart of Markazi province. In Iran comprehensive water plan, this basin is classified under 7-1-5 study code. The basin covers an area of 5514 ...  Read More

Analyzing and rating tourism development potentials and their influence on sustainable development using TOPSIS multivariable model (Case study: Mazandaran province)

Mohammad Reza Zand-e Moghaddam; Sepideh Habibi Kutanaei

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 62-68

  Nowadays, tourism industry is among the largest and most varied industries of the world to the extent that many countries consider it as their main source of foreign exchange earnings and job creation, establishing social justice, cultural growth, increasing welfare level and a field for the growth of ...  Read More

An investigation of urban-environmental management in Tehran during three historical periods of Qajar, Pahlavi and post Islamic revolution

Shima Sadat Tabatabaei

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 69-74

  Growth and development of urbanism along with world-wide industrial development and expansion, induced urban authorities of industrial societies to change their attitudes fundamentally. The present research seeks to perform a descriptive-analytic investigation on the environmental situations and urban ...  Read More

An investigation of changes in total solar radiation received at ground level in semi-arid areas using modified data of field stations- Case study: bolometric stations in Tabriz and Kermanshah

Ehsan Modiri; Gholam Ali Kamali; Sohrab Hajjam

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 75-80

  Solar radiation is one of the most important and influential parameters in thermal balance of the atmosphere and thus it is considered to be the basis of many climatic studies. Evapotranspiration is defined by the amount of available energy for evaporation. Since energy at ground level is mostly supplied ...  Read More

Research methods in Geomorphology

Mohammad Reza Sarvati; Reza Mansoori

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 81-91

  With the development of new science, two quite different methods were applied to reach scientific explanation. There is an explicit distinction between these two methods (induction and analogy). In induction, generalization is reached by experience and observation. Final explanation is generally dependent ...  Read More

Urban solid waste management and its role in sustainable development (Case study: 12th district municipality, Tehran)

Esmail Nasiri

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 92-99

  Basically, solid waste management system is one of the most important items in controlling production, saving, consuming, and also in waste collecting and disposal. The main goal of urban solid waste management is to create an effective and sanitary collecting system which responds to citizens’ ...  Read More

Climatic classification of Mazandaran province according to Litinsky method

Mahmood Davoodi; Naser Bay; Omid Ebrahimi

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 100-105

  Traditional methods of climatic classification are very diverse. Despite traditional and comparative importance, these methods have weaknesses which impair their comprehensive performance. Natural potentials as the background of human activities form the basis and foundation of many environmental programs ...  Read More

Identifying tourism potentials in Kuhrang and proposing appropriate solutions for its tourism development

Ali Khaksari; Maryam Abbasi

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 106-114

  Over time, Tourism industry has reached such a brilliance and economic justification which has made it the third most beneficial industry (after oil and transportation industry). Although Iran is among the ten top countries of the world regarding historical, cultural and natural resources, it assumes ...  Read More

Investigating remote sensing applications in evaluating and monitoring land degradation and desertification

Mohammad Rahimi; Ali Akbar Damavandi; Vahid Jafarian

Volume 22, Issue 88 , January 2014, Pages 115-128

  Due to the increasing complexity and development of dynamic phenomena like land degradation and desertification in the present century, new technologies have focused on their evaluation and monitoring (Alavi panah, 2003). Remote sensing, Geographic Information System and Global Positioning System are ...  Read More