عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Annually, earthquake damnify many countries dramatically and damages human communities physically and psychologically. Regarding absolute annual average of people facing earthquake threat, Iran ranks 7th in Asia and 13th in the world. Throughout history, Qiru Karzin city has always faced devastating earthquakes which have resulted in many losses and damages in rural and urban areas. In this regard, spatial information system can play an influential role in identifying areas facing earthquake hazard, their dispersion, the quality of physical structure in danger and analyzing economic, social and demographic features of the area in danger. The present study seeks to identify secure and unsecure zones and find appropriate locations for crisis management bases in Qiru Karzin. To reach this goal, information received from different criteria is studied and classified into three classes of natural variables, physical variables and institutional-management variables. Then, information layers of different criteria are entered into GIS environment and standardized using Fuzzy linear functions. Later, maps are integrated using Fuzzy Plus. Finally, appropriate and inappropriate zones are identified regarding risk taking and construction of crisis management bases. According to the research results, three villages were selected based on their capability for creating crisis management bases in three levels. These villages will aid rural municipalities (Dehyaris) in the process of crisis management in Qiru Karzin and in reaching goals of crisis management bases using geographic information system capabilities .