عنوان مقاله [English]
Meanders are one of the typical geomorphological forms that is frequently observed on the southern coasts of Irandue to the availability of environmental conditions. These dynamic and active landforms have strong spatial variations under the influence of the dynamics of the rivers and the gentle slopes of the deltas, in a short period of time. It’s been tried in this paper to extract and analyze the morphological changes of the Mond River bed over a period of 57 years in five time periods of (1955, 1985, 1994,
2000, and 2012) using remote sensing data and field surveys. The results of this research showed that the morphological changes of the Mond river bed have been very high during the years 1955 to 2012, so that, a nearly 3.5 kilometer displacement of the bed was observed on the estuary. Spatial comparison of the river bed in 1955 and 2012 indicated that 42.52 square kilometers were added to the left bank of the river, while on the right riverside, this amount was calculated to be 33.8 km2.The gentle slope of the delta (reduction of water speed and the sedimentary deposition on the river bed), vegetation cover on the riverside and on the river bed (trapping sediments in the river bed) and humans (building dams on the Mond river basin, constructing bridges and protection platforms on the bottom of the river bed and the transferring of water to the shrimp breeding sites) are among the important factors in changing the Mond river bed.