عنوان مقاله [English]
Regarding the geopolitical and strategic position of Iran in the Middle East region and the continuing threats of neighboring and non-neighboring countries, unfortunately, economic and infrastructure installations and projects have been established in the cities without security and defense considerations which have become an accessible threat to the enemy and any aggression available. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the vulnerability of cities from the passive defense perspective with the case of Ardabil city. This research is an applied- developmental research in terms of goal, and a descriptive- analytical one in terms of nature.Within the framework of the passive defense issues, 18 indicators were provided in the form of five components of critical arteries, crisis management centers, military and police centers, urban equipment and support centers with three strategic, mental and support destruction priorities. The collected data were weighted in ‘SuperDecision’ software (network analysis), then mapped in the GIS environment. The results of the surveys show that, in the situation of crisis and vulnerability, there are six major hazardous areas at Ardabil level, the most important of which: the northeastern exit of Ardabil (Jihad Square leading to the gate of Astara), Southwest of Ardabil (From Sar-ein Station leading to Basij Square and towards Shamasbi Village) and eventually parts of the North and northwest of Ardabil (Vahdat Square) with the sum of 17% of the total areas of land uses in the city, have the highest vulnerability. This is due to the inappropriate situation of physical characteristics and the concentration of administrative, organizational, military and provincial institutions in these areas of Ardabil.