عنوان مقاله [English]
The issue of drought is very important in water resources studies. Meteorological drought indices are calculated directly from meteorological data such as rainfall, and in the absence of such data, they will not be useful in monitoring drought. Therefore, remote sensing techniques can be considered as a useful tool in monitoring drought. In this research, using MODIS remote sensing satellite images, the trend of vegetation normalized index changes in Isfahan province for the years 2000-2008 was investigated. In addition to vegetation, NDVI index can be effective in addition to natural vegetation for drought monitoring, especially for drought monitoring of dry farming type.Considering this index, the vegetation cover was classified into 4 groups and the area of each of the classes was calculated. Finally, two SPI and NDVI indices were compared. The result of calculating the SPI index show that the occurrence of severe drought is in 2008 and moderate droughts are in 2000 and 2001 in Isfahan province respectively. The calculation of the NDVI index in these three years also indicated that the poor vegetation cover has been significantly increased. High level Pearson correlation (+0.704) was observed between SPI and NDVI in significant level of 0.01. However, the results of the effect of rainfall on the NDVI index showed that there is no coincidence of the occurrence of meteorological drought and agriculture droughts in all years. For the year 2006, despite the fact that precipitation was higher than the years before and the years after and more than the average rainfall of the province, but based on the results of the NDVI index, agricultural drought has occurred this year (Devaluation of the NDVI index). On the contrary, in 2002 and 2004 that precipitation was lower than 2006, but dry farming and pasture conditions were better than 2006. And also, in 2003 with a difference of 2 mm in precipitation compared to 2002, the NDVI index value dropped significantly. The results of this research double the necessity of defining a profile that expresses all of these issues.