عنوان مقاله [English]
Confronting natural disasters and managing that by using the most efficient means, have always been subjected to deliberation, investigation and examination from various aspects. But, a comprehensive and locative analysis on the spur of the moment is always an essential act that must be taken.In this field, geographic information system is capable through integrating information of providing a comprehensive analysis and identification of the zones which require attention and have been very effective. Among natural disasters, earthquake is very unpleasant and leaves the highest mortality rates, hence, its management is very important, especially in the urban context. Most injuries from the earthquake due to the physical resistance of tissue, the impossibility of relief and incapability of reversibility had been in direct or indirect connection with undesired structural situations. This paper tries to offer the most effective strategies to achieve a higher quality of physical safety against potential earthquakes through assessment of physical vulnerability and determine vulnerable zones.
Materials & Methods:
Using the five indicators, (population density, land use risks, quality of buildings, age of buildings, access to the centers of relief and rescue) information layers of each of these variables were produced and these layers were integrated using the Analytic Hierarchy Process IHWP in Arc GIS environment, and the location of district 1 was evaluated against earthquakes.
Results & Discussion:
Findings show that the physical texture of district 1 in Tehran is relatively safe against possible earthquakes, districts 9, 7 and 5 are very safe,districts 4, 6 and 10 are safe, and districts 2 and 8 are moderately safe. Districts 1 and 3 were assessed as areas with low safetyand subjected to disaster. In general, the north of this area has narrow passageways and streets, high-rise buildings, worn out textureand ruined sites, which is unsafe and vulnerable to earthquakes.
Based on the principles of urban management,non-standard sales of building density by the municipality of Tehran in this area and the growing trend of population is considered to be the main problem and a serious threatening alarm to the life of the region.