عنوان مقاله [English]
Basically, solid waste management system is one of the most important items in controlling production, saving, consuming, and also in waste collecting and disposal. The main goal of urban solid waste management is to create an effective and sanitary collecting system which responds to citizens’ needs. On the other hand and due to the importance of sustainable development in urban societies, solid waste management is now one of the latest sciences which can decrease the influences and damages caused by consumerism to a considerable degree. Abundance of solid waste is the inevitable result of development and consumption, while lack of management is one of the most important factors in creating environmental pollutions. In addition to the costs of burying wastes, costs of collecting waste have also increased and most of waste management costs are related to collecting urban solid wastes. There are different plans for collecting urban waste, based on the type, composition and amount of produced waste, social and cultural features and urban priorities. According to the World commission of Environment and Development, sustainable development satisfies the present generation’s needs, without damaging the future generation’s capability in satisfying their needs. Not only physical resources, but also human resources must be maintained in development. Sustainable development begins with people and their cooperation; which are crucial in maintaining sustainability in economic, social, ecological and political stages of development.