عنوان مقاله [English]
Border regions in most countries, especially in developing ones are more low-level in terms of development level in comparison to the central regions. However, progress in globalization processes in recent decades has been resulted to time-space compression and decreasing of dividing role of borders between neighbor countries. This phenomenon has been increased economic relationships between countries and role of non-governmental actors. The border regions in recent decades, also, became cross-border regions and the conflict and tension space have became interaction regions.
Iran and Iraq have appropriate background to expand their commercial and economic interactions and developing of border regions because of many common values between two countries. In recent years and after revolution in Iraq's government structure, specially increasing in autonomous in northern region of that country, the relations and interactions between Baneh county and northern regions of Iraq, has been increased. This research, therefore, poses this fundamental question that which factors have been shaped Baneh Cross-border region flows and what development impacts of this phenomenon are. The aim of this article is to exploring the influential factors and explanations of flows and interactions in Baneh cross-border region by an analytical-descriptive method.
The results show that increasing in commercial interaction and enhancement of security in northern regions of Iraq have more impacts respectively in comparison to other factors. The results also show that impacts of these interactions are economic effects (3.84 score), social-cultural ones (3.61 score), spatial-physical ones (3.04 score) and political effects (2.79 score) respectively.