عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of globalization is studied in different scientific fields. Globalization began in the realm of economy and draws to political and cultural realms. Different scientific fields see globalization as the idea of eliminating geographic borders and reducing distances and there is a consensus that development in communication and information technology are important factors in the formation of this inclusive phenomena. The modern approach to globalization enters the realm of natural systems and analyzes challenges facing human society from the view point of structuralism as the environmental philosophy of geography. The spread of this system in the world, absence of geographic borders limiting their function and their systematic relation can be considered among similarities and common features of economic-political systems and natural systems. Though these systems were present in this planet before human beings, interaction with human activities disturbed their behavioral procedure. They appear as a serious challenge facing human beings and with the present trend of human economic and industrial activities, their integrity and functional scale increase every day. In this way, they are turning into important and critical challenges facing the world. With the appearance of modern challenges like climate changes and environmental crisis in the field of environment, the issue of exploiting and protecting natural environment and its systems has changed into a global concept. Geography considers such natural and environmental crisis as a natural topic for its studies. It can be successful in introducing natural systems to citizens and different groups using its comprehensive knowledge of phenomena behavior and relations and human function. It also has the capability of providing influential solutions, preventing and solving global challenges.