عنوان مقاله [English]
Earth has many different characteristics and measuring its physical features is a key step in many applications. With the development of different sensors, measuring different aspects of these phenomena has been made possible. With these sensors, we can collect necessary data considering different objects and reach useful information by their processing.
Satellite imagery is used in different applications as an economic and easily accessed digital information resource. Multi-spectral and hyperspectral imageries make an important part of satellite imageries. Multi spectral images are produced by sensors which calculate energy reflected from ground surface just in a few bands of electromagnetic spectra. Images produced by hyperspectral sensors measure reflected radiations in a series of long and connected bands. Hyperspectral sensors are the most powerful imaging sensors regarding spectral resolution and their images consist of information in more than 100 spectral bands.