عنوان مقاله [English]
Precipitation and temperature can be considered among the most important climatic elements in any area. Phenomena like sudden increase or decrease in temperature and precipitation during a year or more can be considered a reason for climate change in the area. The present article applies usual time series method to investigate annual and seasonal changes in temperature and precipitation in Bandar-e Lenge synoptic station during the statistical period (1966-2000). Analysis indicate that average precipitation in Bandar-e Lenge during the statistical time period is 154.7 mm. Standard deviation and coefficient of precipitation changes are respectively 96.7 and 63 percent. Seasonal trend of precipitation changes in the statistical period indicates that precipitation showed a decreasing trend in spring and summer and an increasing trend in autumn and winter. Seasonal distribution of precipitation in Bandar-e Lenge during the above mentioned period (spring to autumn) contains 7, 2, 21, 70 percent of the annual precipitation respectively. In order to determine annual temperature, frequency of decreasing periods, definite temperature increase and degree of changes in each thermal period were calculated. Temperature changes more severely in summer and autumn, while the frequency of changes in winter and spring is more orderly. Moreover, the statistical period of 1966-70 is introduced as the most arid period of the study years.
1- مرکز آمار هواشناسی استان هرمزگان.
2- در یاباری، سیدجمال الدین، بررسی تغییرات درجه حرارت در ساحل دریای خزر، سمینار منطقه ای تغییر اقلیم،1375.
3- علیزاده و همکاران، 1374، هوا و اقلیم شناسی، چاپ اول، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد.