عنوان مقاله [English]
The relation between ENSO and fluctuations in monthly precipitation patterns of Iran
ENSO phenomenon is a combination of El Nino-Southern Oscillation and an important telecommunication patterns in southern hemisphere which affect weather condition all over the globe through changing temperature and precipitation patterns.
Different researchers have studies the influence of this phenomenon on temperature and precipitation patterns of different areas of the world, including Iran in different cold and hot phases and found significant differences. Different areas react differently to ENSO with different time lags. Thus, the present article studies the relation between ENSO and seasonal/monthly precipitation in Shahr-e Kord.
The present article analyzes the relation between these patterns through a 44 year period (1957-2000) of precipitation in Shahr-e Kord synoptic station and temperature anomaly in Nino 3.4 region. Results indicate that Shahr-e Kord precipitation pattern during the mentioned period in May, June, August, October and November is related with ENSO, yet the level of this relation differs. Therefore, the correlation between ENSO and Shahr-e Kord monthly precipitation pattern is more significant in June, May (spring season), October, and November (autumn). According to the findings, we recognized a negative correlation between ENSO and precipitation in Shahr-e Kord. Results indicate that the most significant relation is between temperature anomaly in Nino 3.4 and Shahr-e Kord precipitation with a four month lag.