عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
According to the Greek scholar, Eratosthenes (194 BC), geography is the study of Earth as the place for human beings. In studying the Earth, geography faces different physical and human factors.
Human-environment relation is the underlying concept of geography. Environment consists of natural, human and social environments in which human beings have multiple actions and roles to play. Understanding the environment and using geographic capacities and capabilities like seas, lakes, ponds, waterfalls, forests, plantations, mountains, and sacred, ancient and cultural centers, it is possible to attract tourists and endeavor for development and income increase. As the main element of tourism in spatial crystallization, environment plays an important role in attracting tourists and provide diverse tools. Generally, the focus of geographic environment is on society and it is not possible to separate physical and spatial conditions. Every geographic perspective reveals human consistency and alignment with spatial conditions. Since every geographic area has its specific features, natural and cultural attractions are formed in accordance with them and thus there are different areas of tourism.