فناوری در مرز همزیستی ژئوپلیتیک و ژئو اکونومی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دستیار علمی دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

مرز عامل اصلى در تعریف سرزمین و از پایه‌هاى اساسى علم جغرافیاى سیاسى مى‌باشد؛ اما به همراه بحث‌هاى زیاد در ارتباط با مرزهاى باز در اتحادیه‌ى اروپا، امروزه ما نیز شاهد مباحث مرززدایى در چارچوب سرزمین زدایى  هستیم. گرچه جهان گرایان- که از طیف وسیعى نیز برخوردارند- از وجود روند ثابت مرززدایى براى آینده دور خبر مى‌دهد ولى ما هم اکنون شاهد تقویت مرزها در پاره‌اى از نقاط جهان نیز مى‌باشیم.
این مقاله در این راستا با رویکردى نو واقع گرایى آشتى و پیوند ژئواکونومى و ژئوپلیتیک را در مرزهاى آمریکاى شمالى با توجه به روند جهانى شدن بیان مىدارد. بدین معنى که با آزاد سازى اقتصادى در درون نفتا، نیازهاى امنیتى جهت مقابله با تهدیدات گوناگون در مرز، اهمیتى دو چندان یافته است. راه حل رضایت بخش این امر تکنولوژیکى بوده که پیوند و آشتى ژئواکونومى و ژئوپلیتیک را در مرز به همراه داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Technology at the border of Geopolitical and Geoeconomic symbiosis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ra'uf Heydarifar 1
  • Hamid Reza Jalilian 2
1 Assistant Professor of Political Geography, Payame Noor University
2 Scientific Assistant at Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

The border is the main factor in defining the country and is one of the cornerstones of the science of political geography, but following many discussions about open borders in the European Union, today we witness  border elimination issues within the framework of country elimination. Though globalists - which form a wide range - herald the existence of a steady process of border elimination in the future, but we can simultaneously witness the strengthening of the borders in some parts of the world.
In this regard, this article describes the reconciliation and geo-economic and geopolitical linkages on the northern borders of the United States with regard to the process of globalization based on a neorealist approach. This means that, with economic liberalization within NAFTA, security needs to address the various threats at the border have become more and more important. The satisfactory solution to this has been a technological one that has brought the geo-nuclear and geopolitical linkage and reconciliation along the border.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • geopolitics
  • geoeconomics
  • globalization
  • borders
  • land

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