مفاهیم علم اطلاعات جغرافیایى در برنامه ریزى شهرى و منطقه اى

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامى واحدشهررى

2 کارشناس مدیریت خدمات فنى سازمان نقشه بردارى کشور، کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزى شهرى

چکیده

این مقاله در پاسخ به کنسرسیوم دانشگاهى علوم اطلاعات جغرافیایى(UCGIS)(1) در تابستان 1999 آماده شد. هدف این چالش بازبینى موفقیت‌ها و استنباط‌هاى علم اطلاعات جغرافیایى مربوط به برنامه‌ریزى شهرى و منطقه‌اى مى‌باشد.
این مطالعه پنج زمینه توزیع علم اطلاعات جغرافیایى را مشخص مى‌کند. توسعه پایگاه داده‌اى اطلاعات جغرافیایى براى تحلیل برنامه‌ریزى ادغام تکنولوژى‌هاى ژئوفضایى با مدل‌هاى شهرى و ساخت سیستم‌هاى پشتیبانى برنامه‌ریزى، تسهیل شرکت در چالش‌هاى پژوهشى و تحصیلى مفید مى‌باشد. در حالى که پیشرفت علمى در ابزارهاى ساخت براى پشتیبانى از فرایند برنامه‌ریزى مؤثر است، تلاش کمى در زمینه هدایت کاربردى در  مدیریت اطلاعات استراتژیکى انجام شده است. این نقطه ضعف در زمینه انتشار ابزارهاى برنامه‌ریزى استفاده از علم براى سیاست و تصمیم‌گیرى که براى توسعه محیطى، اجتماعى و اقتصادى لازم است را محدود مى‌کند. فرآیند آموزشى که اولین مرحله مهم در انتقال تکنولوژى مى‌باشد، چالش‌هاى بسیارى را در بردارد. مثلاً وجود امکانات مناسب براى آموزش مشاغل برنامه‌ریزى و شرکت‌کنندگان دیگر در فرایند برنامه‌ریزى و تدارک فراساختار مورد نیاز براى آموزش و پژوهش. بنابراین، پژوهش بیشتر و توسعه خط‌ مشى در زمینه‌هاى زیر، عملکرد سیستم‌هاى پشتیبانى برنامه‌ریزى و ابزارها را افزایش مى‌دهد: آموزش و انتقال تکنولوژى، ساختمان پایگاه داده‌ها، حفاظت و دسترسى، استانداردسازى و قانونمندکردن.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Concepts of Geographical Information Science in Urban and Regional Planning

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahim Sarvar 1
  • Mehran Rezaei 2
1 Associate professor of Islamic Azad University, Shahrerey
2 Expert of Technical Services Management of National Surveying Organization, Master of Geography and Urban Planning
چکیده [English]

This paper was prepared in response to the UCGIS  consortium in the summer of 1999. The objective of this challenge is to review the successes and inferences of geographic information science related to urban and regional planning.
This study outlines five areas for the distribution of geographic information science. The development of a geographical database will be helpful for analyzing the planning of combination of geophysical technologies with urban models, the development of planning support systems and facilitating participation in research and education challenges. While scientific advances in building tools are effective in supporting the planning process, little effort has been made on applied guidance in strategic information management. This weakness in the dissemination of the tools of planning limits the application of science for politics and decision making, which is necessary for environmental, social and economic development. The educational process, which is the first important step in technology transfer, contains many challangs, For example, the availability of suitable facilities for the training of planning professionals and other participants in the planning process, and the preparation of the required infrastructure for education and research. Therefore, further research and policy development in the following areas will increase the performance of planning support systems and tools: training and technology transfer, database building, protection and availability, standardization and regulation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • geographic information
  • Planning
  • GIS
  • Urban
  • Regional

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