عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, airports are not complexes like passenger terminals and large railroad stations, with cars and passengers on the one side, and on the other side the planes, but airports have gained a multi-purpose existence.
Nowadays, by increasing the capacity and efficiency of the airports on the one hand, and paying attention to issues such as sustainable development and environmental protection on the other, consideration of geographical factors in the location of airports is deemed very important, as in developed countries It receives a great deal of attention. Among the geographic factors affecting the location of the airport, the climatic and topographic components play a greater role, as they have a great influence on the efficiency and activity of the airport. The main objective of this paper is to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the locating process of the country’s airports based on climatic and topographic factors.
To achieve this goal, secondary and field methods have been used. Based on the findings of this research, insufficient attention to climate and topographic factors in the location of airports in the country has led to a decrease in the safety and health of the flights and, in some cases, severe and fatal accidents. This Situation can be improved by correction of existing deficiencies and the application of geographic factors in future plans.