عنوان مقاله [English]
The social and economic changes of recent decades have caused regional imbalances and excessive concentration of facilities in some places and the deprivation of others. To overcome this problem, we need regional and district planning. We aim to provide a suitable model for the balanced distribution of services according to the population of settlements in the area and with consideration of spatial balance.
Methodology in this research is a combination of documentary, statistical and analytical methods. In this paper, using Spearman Rank, Morris and 18 variables and indicators in social, cultural, health, etc. matters, we have studied and compared the level of development of villages in the central part of Gonabad city.
Findings of this research show that there is a significant relationship between population levels and rural services (with a correlation coefficient of 0.73), Which is a sign of a relative balance in the distribution of services with respect to the population. There is also a direct correlation between the final coefficient of development with population and distance from the center. According to the general analyses, it can be concluded that distance from the city center and environmental constraints are two main factors at the level of development of villages in this section, and therefore, in order to provide better utilization of the services of villagers by residents, it is necessary to improve the rural roads and distribution of services in central parts of villages.