عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent years the use of aerial laser scanners for determining the topography of water beds has been introduced in the world and has found practical aspect. Depth measurement using laser scanners is a more precise, cost- efficient, and faster method than other depth-measuring methods, which is based on accurate measurement of the travel time of two light signals transmitted to the surface and bed of water. Consequently, the use of appropriate hardware and software, in which the source of the major errors is detected and minimized, is very effective on the result of the flight. This paper presents a variety of depth-measuring laser scanners, various techniques used in each of them, and a description of how depth-measuring operations are performed. In addition to expressing the natural causes of error as well as noise causes in operational data, an algorithm for data correction and a method for noise cancellation is presented.