عنوان مقاله [English]
Since the nineteenth century, suburbs were chosen for the living of the rich and middle-class families due to the inadequacies and pollution of the old part of the cities; the development of transportation technology has led urban families to prefer living in the countryside and away from the central part of the city. Access to the countryside is becoming ever easier with the help of vehicles that travel faster day by day. Currently, suburban residence is the predominant way of life in the United States. But with all this, the suburban settlement has many disadvantages, as this way of life has become outdated from the point of view of urban planners and other thinkers, and they have been thinking about other patterns for the settlement of population surpluses in cities, one of the most important of which is that of creating New Cities, proposed by Ebenezer Howard. Although the creation of new cities has a long history in human annals, in the new centuries the suburban area is prior to new cities, in a way that the problems of cities and suburban residents caused by suburbanization encouraged planners to the creation of new cities.