عنوان مقاله [English]
This article was conducted in order to gain more knowledge about thermal differences (Thermal Island) between Tehran and Karaj based on a five-year statistical period (1993-1997). The element of temperature as the most important climatic element has been obtained as daily minimum and maximum from the Meteorological Organization of Iran. In the study of thermal island, stations of Dushan Tappeh in the east, Aqdasieh in the north and Mehrabad in west of Tehran, as the most important study area and Karaj station in west of Tehran as complementary area, have been selected.
Based on the investigations carried out on the average temperatures of three stations in Tehran and Karaj station, it was observed that Dushan Tappeh as the most important thermal region in Tehran has the highest temperature values for both minimum and maximum annual temperatures with temperatures 13.33 and 22.49 ° C, respectively. Next, Mehrabad station has been determined as the second thermal zone in Tehran with the minimum annual temperature of 12.88 ° C and 12.29 ° C at maximum temperatures. Third, Aqdasieh station, with a mountainous character and higher elevation than the rest, acts as a relatively weak thermal zone, the average annual minimum temperature at this station being 10.33 and the maximum temperature 19.9 ° C.
Generally, the mean annual temperatures of all three stations in Tehran have higher temperature values at both minimum and maximum temperatures than Karaj station, so that Tehran has a temperature difference of more than 0.75 ° C in the mean annual maximum temperature and a temperature difference of 3.37 ° C at the average annual minimum temperature with Karaj, and so has been recognized as the warmer region.