آب و هوا و رفتار در شهرهاى سردسیر مطالعه موردى: گوتنبرگ سوئد (اسکاندیناوى)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه جغرافیاى طبیعى دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

در شهر گوتنبرگ کشور سوئد، چهار فضاى عمومى شهر که الگوها و میکروکلیماهاى گوناگونى ارائه مى ‏دهند، به منظور ارزیابى اثر میکرواقلیم و وضع هوا برروى مردم در محیط ‏هاى عمومى شهر مطالعه شده ‏اند. روش تحقیق، چند رشته‏ اى و میان رشته‏ اى است و دانشمندانى از سه رشته معمارى، آب و هواشناسى، و روانشناسى را در برمى‏گیرد. این پروژه ‏ها که براساس یک مطالعه موردى مشترک در طول چهار فصل سال انجام پذیرفته است شامل سنجش متغیرهاى اتمسفرى،  مصاحبه ها و مشاهدات فعالیت‏ هاى انسانى در هر مکان مى‏ باشد. تحلیل رگرسیون چند متغیره پدیده ‏هاى اتمسفرى و رفتارى نشان مى‏ دهد که دماى هوا، سرعت باد و شاخص آفتابى بودن هوا (ابرناکى)، روى ارزیابى مردم از هوا، ادراک آنها از مکان و حضورشان در محل تأثیر معنادارى دارد. نتایج استدلال ‏هاى تحقیق، کاربرد اقلیم در برنامه ‏ریزى را در پروژه های طراحى و برنامه ‏ریزى شهرى آینده تأیید مى‏ کند که مانند ساختار فیزیکى یک مکان مى ‏تواند طراحى شود براى این که بر میکروکلیماى هر مکان معین و در نتیجه انگیزه‏ هاى حضور مردم در محل، ادراک و احساس آنها تأثیر گذار مى‏ باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Climate and Behavior in Cold Cities Case Study: Gothenburg, Sweden (Scandinavia)

نویسنده [English]

  • Taghi Tavusi
Assistant Professor, Department of Natural geography, University of Sistan and Baluchistan
چکیده [English]

In the city of Gothenburg, Sweden, four public spaces of the city, which offer varied patterns and micro-climates, have been studied in order to assess the effect of micro-climates and air conditions on people in the city's public environments. The research methodology is multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary, and includes scholars from three disciplines of architecture, meteorology, and psychology. These projects, which are based on a common case study during the four seasons, include the measurement of atmospheric variables, interviews and observations of human activities in each location. The multivariable regression analysis of atmospheric and behavioral phenomena shows that air temperature, wind speed and sunshine (cloudy) index have a significant effect on people's assessment of the air, their perception of location and their presence on the site. The results of the research confirm the application of climate in planning in future urban design and planning projects, which can be designed like the physical structure of a site, because it affects the microclimate of each specific location and, as a result, the motivations of people's presence at the place, their perception and feelings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • public spaces
  • city's weather
  • weather-based planning
  • Environmental Psychology
  • environmental pattern

 

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