رویکردهاى نقشه ‏سازى جرم در آینده

نویسنده

استادیاردانشگاه علوم انتظامى (مترجم)

چکیده

از آنجا که پردازش اطلاعات مکانى در قالب نقشه موجب درک سریع و آسان آن مى‏ شود و عاملى مؤثر در تحلیل موضوعات مکانى است، نقشه‏ سازى جرم نیز از چند دهه گذشته مورد توجه سازمان‏ها و دستگاه ‏هاى مختلف انتظامى و قضایى و همچنین مؤسسات علمى و پژوهشى ذیربط در کشورهاى مختلف جهان به ویژه کشورهاى پیشرفته در دنیاى غرب قرار گرفته است . مقاله حاضر در صدد تبیین این موضوع با بررسى پیرامون دو روش متداول در این ارتباط است. روش اول نقشه‏ سازى جرم از طریق نرم‏ افزار رایانه‏ اى GIS و روش دوم نامگذارى مکانى یا زمینى اطلاعات کسب شده از منابع مختلف و بازیابى آن‏ها از طریق مراجعه به نقشه است. همچنین تأکید مى‏ کند که چگونه روش‏هاى مذکور در سیر تکوینى خود مى‏ تواند به پلیس و دستگاه هاى مرتبط با اینگونه امور به ویژه کارآگاهان و جرم‏ شناسان در آینده کمک کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Future of Crime Mapping Approaches

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein Ja'farian
Assistant Professor, University of Police ( Translator)
چکیده [English]

Since the processing of location information in the form of a map makes its understanding quick and easy and is an effective factor in the analysis of spatial issues, crime mapping has during the last decades been of interest to various law enforcement and judicial organizations as well as relevant scientific and research institutions in different countries of the world, especially advanced countries in the western world. The present paper seeks to clarify this issue by examining two common ways in this regard. The first method of crime mapping is through the GIS computer software, and the second method is the location - or land-based - naming of information obtained from various sources and their retrieval through map referral. It also emphasizes how the above-mentioned methods can, during their evolution, help police and related organizations, especially detectives and criminologists, in the future.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • crime mapping
  • Geographical Information System (GIS)
  • Geo Coding
  • foresight
  • crime prediction
  • compression
  • abstraction
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