عنوان مقاله [English]
The spatial pattern is of great importance for the Earth sciences. The spatial pattern enables us to compare the observational characteristics of phenomena and to clarify their spatial relationship, correlation and distribution in terms of geological conditions and processes that have shaped them. Digital cartography and spatial model provide computer support for the observation of phenomena and characteristics in their spatial texture. Transitions make it possible that phenomena have movement and shape in order to gain better visualization and analysis. Space statistics have the ability to numerically determine the configuration for the purpose of form and structure analysis.