عنوان مقاله [English]
In this article, the effective factor in the process of infrastructural development of roads and the road design using information that is in fact related to the earth's features, which are themselves affected by human’s contact with nature, are studied. Furthermore, the causes of the creation of land features and raised parts of the land (Geomorphologic), which are also of important applications are considered. Therefore, the primitive and physical form of the land helps design environmental maps, so that with methods such as the use of remote sensing data and the GIS technique the risk of natural hazards on the highways and the cost of road construction in these plans is reduced. This situation was surveyed in West Bengal, India. Another important example of this (applied geomorphology) was Italy, which was implemented with the above designs and structural and infrastructural works on highways.