عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Archeology deals with historical and prehistoric study of people by analyzing their remnants, especially the remains discovered through excavation.
Archeological exploration studies the evident historical monuments of early societies.
The existence of these places is often known through historical documents. Particularly important is the interpretation of aerial photograph in determining places not mentioned in history.
Surface and subterranean features significant for archeology are identified by using aerial photo interpretation.
Surface features including ruins, gates, stone columns and other surface signs can be directly seen. Examples of visible ruins are:
Rocky buildings such as Stonehenge (England), castles (across Europe), and Indian residences in the southwest of America; gates including bird-shaped and snake-shapes; circular wheels such as the Big Horn Drug Wheel in Wyoming, and other superficial signs including Indians’ pictures in Peru. The image (2-31) shows the Nazca lines. It is estimated that they were formed at least 1500 years ago and have a region of approximately 500 square kilometers. Many geometric shapes, along with narrow straight lines that are 8 km long have been found. Apparently they have been built up through removal of millions of stones to show the lighter earth tones of the ground below. Stones removed, the lines were piled up around the outer boundaries.