عنوان مقاله [English]
Generally speaking, one of the definitions presented for maps is: drawing images of a part or whole of the surface of the earth at a given scale on a flat and horizontal plane. On the other hand, geomorphology is a science that is related to the study of landforms or forms of terrains especially in terms of their origin and the various processes that create them. Geomorphology studies, based on their nature, are in four topics of studying the materials on which landforms are taken shape, studying the processes that shape the material, and studying the evolution and history of landscapes.
Thus, the purpose of geomorphologic mapping is to record information about the surface shape, material (soil and stone), surface processes and, in some cases, age of terrains. The maps thus prepared contain basic information on land systems and can be used in most environmental issues such as land use studies, natural resources and agriculture, surface and underground water, civil engineering, exploration and extraction of mineral resources and so on.