عنوان مقاله [English]
Migration is one of the demographic and population analysis characteristics that is related to residential movement of people from one place to another. This movement takes place under the effects of attractions and repulsive facts of different areas, and creates especial economic-social and cultural effects on either of migrant’s sending and receiving places.
Isfahan Province has experienced intense demographic transfer over the past decades due to imbalance in economic planning and concentration of industrial investments in a small part of the province as well as polar development and inattention to spatial development, so that between the years 1986 to 1996 more than 591,000 people (about 15% of the province’s population) have entered this area or moved within it, from which about 40% have been from other provinces, 3% from other countries and the remaining 57% were related to urban or rural transfers within the province. Study of inter-province migrations in Isfahan Province shows that this province has change from a migrant-sender to a migrant-receiver province due to high industrial, commercial, cultural and service potentials. The share of different cities from these migrations have not been equal, and the growth rate of some of them has reached 19.5% (Shahin Shahr).
In this paper, using historical and analytical methods, the author has examined demographic transfer in Isfahan Province in the past as inter-province, outward and inward movements in connection with economic, social, political and cultural factors that affect them, and has investigated the positive and negative economic and social effects of these transfers on both migrant-receiving and sending areas of the province.
Finally, courses of actions have been proposed to urban and demographic planners of the province for prevention of unbridled urban migration, control of the phenomenon of migration and organization of urban and rural demographic movements.