عنوان مقاله [English]
Based on the reports published in global health magazines, about one-fourth of people of the world are deprived of suitable shelter, and a hundred million people have no house and lie in streets, under bridges and in other improper places. Therefore, housing is a global problem, and it is certain that traditional patterns and methods can by no means respond acceptably to these increasing need. Furthermore, other factors such as environmental considerations, lack of enough investment and skilled force and natural problems are among the limitations of housing plans and management.
It is obvious that creation and establishment of efficient and modern architecture and urban texture in agreement with the culture of time and place must be based on leaving classic characteristics and removing the single-story attitude. Moreover, for achieving agreement between housing and urban texture from artistic and social order point of view, we must consider environmental, artistic and social order balance together when analyzing the relationship between human and housing.
Attention to historical characteristics of each nation is a necessity in housing plans that is very effective in the success and comprehensiveness of these plans.
Considering that in large cities the problems of transportation, air pollution, shortage of space, excessive occupation of urban lands by highways, inefficiency in movements within the city and countless environmental problems are due to lack of a comprehensive plan in design of residential spaces, so due care in management and housing plans is the first step for avoiding such problems.
In this paper, while considering the environmental problems of cities, the main sources of environment, namely matter, energy, space, time and variety have been taken into account, and it has been emphasized that it is necessary to define quantitatively a comprehensive plan containing all factors that affect housing plans, and to implement it into geographic information systems. Then, using GIS software and computer modeling, the layers or combinations of such plans should be assessed and, considering their advantages and disadvantages, the best approach for housing plans shall be proposed according to national culture and environmental conditions.