عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In order to carry out marine military maneuvers, it is of great importance to have detailed information about what lies on sea’s bed or even lower. Today there is a kind of competition over establishing a type of connection by which the information can be transmitted between ships and the shore or between ships themselves in real time (immediately). Experiments conducted on Italian shores using GIS navigational charts proved that utilization of GIS has been very successful.