عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Turkmenistan is located in the southwestern part of Central Asia. It has common borders with the Republic of Kazakhstan on the northwest, the Republic of Uzbekistan on the north and east, Afghanistan on the southeast, and Iran on the south. Although the burnt and desert land and oases of the republic are at the same latitude as the Mediterranean, they are located deep in the continent of Asia. Its area is 488,100 square kilometers, 90 percent of which is the desert that covers from the center of this country as far as Kazakhstan. About 4/5 of the area is plain, and in its southern part are the great Balkhan mountain range, the small Balkhan, Kopet Dag and Kugitangtau.