عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The ERS-1 satellite prepares images through radar system and has been launched from Europe in June 1991. One of the important features of this satellite is that it has the ability to penetrate into clouds and to some extent pass through the rain. It is capable of shooting at night. Its waves have greater ability of penetration into plants than light waves, because the extent of their penetration depends on the amount of moisture and density of the plant, and also in arid areas they have high power of penetration into the earth. The resolution of the images is 16 to 20 meters. The angle of view on the ground is 23 degrees and sweep the width of 100 kilometers on the ground. The applications of the ERS-1 radar images include the following: Investigation of regional phenomena; Hydrology; Identification of glaciers; Preparation of topographic maps; Geology; Meteorology; Examination of the Oceans and methods of wave imaging; Physical oceanography; Plant growth and produce estimation.