عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In this part of the vast Asian Continent, over the course of a few thousand years the tribal communities moved all over the region. Their lifestyle was such that they constantly traversed long ways looking for water and fodder around the area. Livestock products provided them with food, clothing and housing, and they were almost self-sufficient, sometimes supplying their needs
with selling part of their products. Their dominant economy was a pastoral one.
Each tribe possessed certain rangelands and they enjoyed the principles of peaceful coexistence. The differences between them were solved by mediation of elders and mutually-accepted arbitrators. There was no particular government system. The pattern of work and life of these societies was different from those in the rural and nomadic communities of China, Iran, India and, generally, the Middle East.