عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Traverse, though enjoying flexibility and efficiency, has a low degree of reliability. In this paper, a strategy is developed to improve the degree of certainty, without having an adverse effect on its efficiency. This strategy involves the use of off-center station (out-of-station) traverses, which calculate the field confidence and adjustment values by a small handheld computer. The benefits of misdiagnosis and quality control at the time of observations, such as traversing pre-designated stations, or when transportation and provisioning of observational costs and facilities are problematic, are significant. The formulas required to implement this strategy have been presented and the results of an off-center station are presented as examples.