عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
On March 2, 1992, the number of UN member states rose from 166 to 175. Among the 9 new members, the republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan were in Central Asia, and Azerbaijan and Armenia in the Caucasus. Only Georgia has not yet applied
for membership in the UN.
However, these newly independent states, regardless of problematic economic conditions not discussed in this paper, are faced with many conflicts in terms of borderline, ethnic and territorial issues, as well as contradiction between Russian and non-Russian and between native and non-native elements of population. All these differences are historically rooted, and are the product of the strategies and policies applied by the Tsarist government of Russia and its successor, the Soviet communist state. However, the Soviet government has used the same methods with more violence and under the pretext of ideology.