عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The current political map of Central Asia, with borders separating five independent states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, has gradually formed in three stages in the first half of the 20th century.
The first political unit with today's borders was created on August 26, 1920 under the name of the Kyrgyz Autonomous Republic as part of internal divisions of the Russian Federation. This political unit embraced the territory of the Kazakhs, and the use of the name Kyrgyz was due to the fact that the Russians used to call the Kazakhs as Kyrgyz so that they would not be confused with the Cossack people around the territory of the Kazakhs, and the true Kyrgyz who lived in the northern mountains of Tian Shan were called Qara-Kyrgyz.